Search Search. Menu Sections. Happy, sad and angry do not even begin to cover the range of emotions we express in our faces, a study has found. U sing new computer software, scientists mapped no less than 21 emotional states, including apparently contradictory examples such as "happily disgusted" and "sadly angry". That tells us that these 21 emotions are expressed in the same way by nearly everyone, at least in our culture. In future, the computer model could aid the diagnosis and treatment of mental conditions such as autism and post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD , said the researchers.
17 Tips For Facial Expressions In Speeches And Presentations
How to Understand Body Language and Facial Expressions
In the early study of emotional expressions, researchers believed humans only had six basic emotions: anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness and surprise. Later researchers believed there might be as many as seven or eight. Every emotion was shoehorned into one of those categories. That didn't make much sense to Aleix Martinez , a cognitive scientist and professor of electrical and computer engineering at The Ohio State University. But more important, why so many negative emotions and only one happy expression? We tend to be more happy than angry or disgusted.
Understanding Body Language and Facial Expressions
The most notable research into the topic came from psychologist Paul Ekman, who pioneered research into emotion recognition in the s. His team of researchers provided their test subjects with photos of faces showing different emotional expressions. The test subjects then had to define the emotional states they saw in each photo, based on a predetermined list of possible emotions they had seen prior. Through these studies, Ekman found a high agreement across members of Western and Eastern cultures when it came to selecting emotional labels that corresponded with facial expressions. Expressions he found to be universal included those indicating happiness, disgust, anger, sadness , surprise and fear.
Think about some of your favorite holiday foods — what are they? Maybe gingerbread, candy canes, or pies? On the other hand, perhaps something more savory, like turkey or mashed potatoes? The list goes on. Many of us tend to associate these dishes with pleasant emotions and the comfort of being home with family, which is what many companies rely on when creating their marketing campaigns or targeting specific consumer demographics.