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Livorno | Italy | Britannica
Livorno is a great city for foodies, and especially for those who love fresh fish and see food. There are many local recipes famous in all Tuscany and called alla livornese English: in Livornese style , which very often means the star ingredient is cooked in a rich tomato sauce. So what to eat in Livorno? Raw mullets, prawns, mussels, oysters. And carpaccio di tonno. Raw tuna marinated with lemon. Spadellata di cozze e vongole.
Cruising in Toscana - Livorno, Italy
During the Renaissance , Livorno was designed as an " Ideal town ". Developing considerably from the second half of the 16th century by the will of the Medici family , Livorno was an important free port, giving rise to an intense commercial activity, in the hands, for the most part, of foreigners, and seat of consulates and shipping companies. The status of a multiethnic and multicultural Livorno lasted until the second half of the nineteenth century, however the vestiges of that time can still be seen in the churches, villas and palaces of the city. Livorno is considered the most modern among all the Tuscan cities, and is the third most populous of Tuscany, after Florence and Prato. The origins of Livorno are controversial, although the place was inhabited since the Neolithic Age as shown by worked bones, pieces of copper and ceramic found on the Livorno Hills in a cave between Ardenza and Montenero.
It lies on the Ligurian Sea at the western edge of a cultivated coastal plain and is enclosed east and south by a circle of low hills, the Livornesi Hills. Originally a small fishing village, it first became important when it was given by the countess Matilda of Tuscany to the Pisan church , and it was fortified by the Pisans in the 14th century. It was sold in to the Visconti family , in to the Genoese, and in to the Florentines. Its greatest importance dates from the rule of the Florentine Medici family. Cosimo I initiated the construction of the Medici Harbour in ; and Ferdinand I , grand duke of Tuscany from to , gave asylum to many refugees—Roman Catholics from England, Jews and Moors from Spain and Portugal, and others—and launched the community as a commercial centre.