The list of International Labour Organization Conventions contains codifications of world wide labour standards. International Labour Organization ILO Conventions are developed through tripartite negotiations between member state representatives from trade unions , employers' organisations and governments, and adopted by the annual International Labour Conference ILC. Member state governments subsequently ratify Conventions and incorporate their provisions into national legislation. The first Convention was adopted in and covers hours of work , the most recent [update] Convention, adopted in , covers violence and harassment in the world of work. The Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work , adopted by the member states in , identified eight fundamental Conventions as binding on all members; four prohibit forced labour and child labour , and four provide rights to organize , to collectively bargain , to equal pay and to freedom from discrimination at work.
Convention C - Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention, (No. )
The ILO Conventions cover a wide area of social and labour issues including basic human rights, minimum wages, industrial relations, employment policy, social dialogue, social security and other issues. ILO Conventions concerning gender-specific issues have a long history. As early as , at the year when the ILO was founded, the Organization adopted the first two Conventions on women No. Convention No. In the present day society it has been argued that protective measures for women can have a negative impact by denying them entry into certain jobs and contributing to a gender-segregated labour market.
Indicator description: Unemployment rate
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International labour law is the body of rules spanning public and private international law which concern the rights and duties of employees, employers, trade unions and governments in regulating the workplace. The International Labour Organization and the World Trade Organization have been the main international bodies involved in reforming labour markets. The International Monetary Fund and the World Bank have indirectly driven changes in labour policy by demanding structural adjustment conditions for receiving loans or grants. Issues regarding Conflict of laws arise, determined by national courts, when people work in more than one country, and supra-national bodies, particularly in the law of the European Union , has a growing body of rules regarding labour rights.