Autism spectrum disorder is a condition related to brain development that impacts how a person perceives and socializes with others, causing problems in social interaction and communication. The disorder also includes limited and repetitive patterns of behavior. The term "spectrum" in autism spectrum disorder refers to the wide range of symptoms and severity. Autism spectrum disorder includes conditions that were previously considered separate — autism, Asperger's syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder and an unspecified form of pervasive developmental disorder.
How High Functioning Autism Is Diagnosed in Adults
Resources for Adults – The Asperger / Autism Network (AANE)
In the disorder discovered by Hans Asperger in the 's, the classical autistic symptoms — low capacity for communication and social interaction, restricted and repetitious stereotyped behavior — take a different and less disabling form than the symptoms found in infantile autism, and may require not only different treatments but a different social attitude. Despite normal and sometimes superior intelligence, people with Asperger's have difficulty understanding social conventions and reading social cues. As a result, they often seem tactless or rude, and making friends can be hard for them. Complicated feelings tend to confuse them. They may be unable to take hints, keep secrets, or under--stand metaphor, irony, and humor.
Asperger’s Syndrome: What Are the Signs and Symptoms of the Disorder?
Autism spectrum disorder is sometimes only diagnosed later in life when symptoms start to interfere with daily activities. Symptoms may include:. If you're an adult with those symptoms, you may already have an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis.
Many people who fit the profile for Asperger syndrome are now being diagnosed with Autistic Spectrum Disorder instead. Each person is different, and it is up to each individual how they choose to identify. Some people with a diagnosis of Asperger syndrome may choose to keeping using the term, while others may prefer to refer to themselves as autistic or on the autistic spectrum. All autistic people share certain difficulties, but being autistic will affect them in different ways. People with Asperger syndrome see, hear and feel the world differently to other people.