Data were obtained from three samples of women of childbearing age. One sample of women is from prenatal clinics serving Plains Indian women. The second sample is of women from the Plains whose children were referred to special diagnostic developmental clinics, as their children were believed to have developmental issues consistent with prenatal alcohol consumption. The third sample is of women from South Africa, each of whom has given birth to a child diagnosed with full fetal alcohol syndrome FAS. Data across samples conform to expected trends on many variables. For example, the maternal age at time of pregnancy, a major risk factor for FAS, ranged from a mean of
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Essay
What is Fetal Alcoholism Syndrome and Why Are the Consequences?
Fetal alcohol syndrome FAS is the severe end of a spectrum of effects that can occur when a woman drinks alcohol during pregnancy. The characteristics of FAS include growth retardation, facial abnormalities, and central nervous system dysfunction. If a pregnant woman drinks alcohol but her child does not have the full symptoms of FAS, it is possible that her child may be born with alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorders ARND. Children with alcohol-related birth defects ARBD can have problems with their heart, kidneys, bones, or hearing. The effects of FAS are not curable, but if it is recognized, therapy can begin to reduce the symptoms and the impact on the child's life. If you suspect that a newborn may have been exposed to excessive amounts of alcohol during the mother's pregnancy, probably the quickest way to confirm whether the child needs to begin treatment for FAS is by examining the baby's facial features. Head and Facial Abnormalities.
What Is Fetal Alcoholism Syndrome and What Are the Consequences?
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders FASDs are a group of conditions that can occur in a person whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders are caused by a mother drinking alcohol during pregnancy. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders are preventable by avoiding alcohol.
Diagnosing fetal alcohol syndrome requires expertise and a thorough assessment. Early diagnosis and services can help improve your child's ability to function. Many features seen with fetal alcohol syndrome may also occur in children with other disorders. If fetal alcohol syndrome is suspected, your pediatrician may refer your child to a developmental pediatrician, a neurologist or another expert with special training in fetal alcohol syndrome for evaluation and to rule out other disorders with similar signs and symptoms.