While male homosexuality remained illegal in Weimar Germany under Paragraph of the criminal code, German homosexual-rights activists became worldwide leaders in efforts to reform societal attitudes that condemned homosexuality. Many in Germany regarded the Weimar Republic's toleration of homosexuals as a sign of Germany's decadence. Nazi leaders posed as moral crusaders who wanted to stamp out the "vice" of homosexuality from Germany in order to help win the racial struggle. Once they took power in , Nazi officials intensified persecution of German male homosexuals.
Hitler was gay - and killed to hide it, book says
Remembering the gay victims of the Holocaust.
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The Pink Triangle: From Nazi Label to Symbol of Gay Pride
Six million Jewish people were murdered during the genocide in Europe in the years leading up to , and the Jews are rightly remembered as the group that Adolf Hitler's Nazi party most savagely persecuted during the Holocaust. Historians estimate the total number of deaths to be 11 million, with the victims encompassing gay people, priests, gypsies, people with mental or physical disabilities, communists, trade unionists, Jehovah's Witnesses, anarchists, Poles and other Slavic peoples, and resistance fighters. Pierre Seel was the only French survivor to speak out about being transported for being gay. Homosexual men, and to a lesser extent women, were compelled to renounce their sexuality under the Nazi regime. An estimated , were arrested and some sent to prisons, while between 5, and 15, were sent to concentration camps, where some were forced to wear pink triangles on their uniform to denote being gay.